A growing number of people are discovering the ways that medical grade chemical peels can help them enhance the appearance of skin affected by sun damage, fine lines and wrinkles, age spots, and other problems.
Chemical peeling is a process involving the application of a solution to the skin, removing outer skin layers. The depth they penetrate and how much skin they will remove is dependent on the type of peel, the strength of the peel, and the duration of the treatment.
Chemical peels are classified into three main types: superficial, medium, and deep. Each peel has its active ingredients and PH levels. If a percentage is given for a particular peel, it reveals what percentage of the peeling agent is represented in the product. For example, a 10 percent glycolic acid peel contains 10 percent glycolic acid, which is less than a 30 percent glycolic acid peel. Medical grade peels are performed by trained medical personnel.
Superficial peels are the gentlest type of peel and only remove the outer layer of skin or epidermis, lending your skin a more radiant, smoother appearance. They have virtually no downtime. You may experience some minor skin redness afterward, but should be able to resume your daily activities right away.
Medium Depth Peels
More dramatic results can be obtained with a medium depth peel. They are normally made from trichloroacetic acid and penetrate more deeply into the skin than superficial peels. They help treat wrinkles, pigmentation, and sun damage. You may experience some discomfort during a medium depth peel.
Deep peels are the strongest type of peel and eventually lead to tremendous results for scarring, sun damage, and deep lines and wrinkles. They normally consist of carbolic acid to penetrate the deep, dermal layers of the skin. This type of peel can yield very significant results when performed by trained medical personnel.
Glycolic acid is the most commonly used peeling agent. It is useful for treating sun damage, and fine lines and wrinkles.
Salicylic acid is a hydroxy acid that can move deep into oil glands, making it perfect for the treatment of acne and oily skin.
Carbolic acid is used in very deep peels. It is used in treating severe sun damage, scarring, and deep lines and wrinkles.
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